References

  1. NIH. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Dental Caries (Tooth Decay) in Adults (Age 20 to 64). July 2018. Accessed February 10, 2020.
  2. Eke PI, Dye BA, Wei L, Thornton-Evans GO, et al. Prevalence of periodontitis in adults in the United States: 2009 and 2010. J Dent Res. 2012;91(10):914–920. doi:10.1177/0022034512457373.
  3. DuPont GA. Understanding dental plaque; biofilm dynamics. J Vet Dent. 1997;14(3):91–94.
  4. Slavkin HC. Biofilms, microbial ecology and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997;128(4):492–495. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.1997.0238.
  5. Marsh PD, Bradshaw DJ. Dental plaque as a biofilm. J Ind Microbiol. 1995;15(3):169–175. doi:10.1007/bf01569822.
  6. Costerton JW, Lewandowski Z, DeBeer D, et al. Biofilms, the customized microniche. J Bacteriol. 1994;176(8):2137–2142. doi:10.1128/jb.176.8.2137-2142.1994.
  7. Armitage GC. Basic features of biofilms--why are they difficult therapeutic targets?. Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg. 2004;17:30–34.
  8. Shearer BG. Biofilm and the dental office [published correction appears in J Am Dent Assoc 1996 Apr;127(4):436]. J Am Dent Assoc. 1996;127(2):181–189. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.1996.0166.
  9. Meyer KF. The present status of dental bacteriology. J Am Dent Assoc 1917;4: 966-996.
  10. Socransky SS, Haffajee AD. Evidence of bacterial etiology: a historical perspective. Periodontol 2000. 1994;5:7–25. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0757.1994.tb00016.x.
  11. Willmann DE, Chaves ES. The role of dental plaque in the etiology and progress of inflammatory periodontal disease, 5th ed. Primary preventive dentistry. Harris NO, Garcia-Godoy F. Stamford, CO. Appleton & Lange; 1999:63-76.
  12. Kimball GD. The relationship of materia alba and dental plaque to periodontal disease. J Periodontol 1952;23: 16-169.
  13. Keyes PH, Jordan HV. Periodontal lesions in the Syrian hamster. III. Findings related to an infectious and transmissible component. Arch Oral Biol. 1964;9:377–400. doi:10.1016/0003-9969(64)90024-x.
  14. Listgarten MA. Electron microscopic observations of the bacterial flora ofacute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. J Periodontol. 1965;36:328–339. doi:10.1902/jop.1965.36.4.328.
  15. Papapanou PN, Engebretson SP, Lamster IB. Current and future approaches for diagnosis of periodontal diseases. N Y State Dent J. 1999;65(4):32–37.
  16. Haffajee AD, Socransky SS. Microbial etiological agents of destructive periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 1994;5:78–111. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0757.1994.tb00020.x.
  17. Page RC, Offenbacher S, Schroeder HE, et al. Advances in the pathogenesis of periodontitis: summary of developments, clinical implications and future directions. Periodontol 2000. 1997;14:216–248. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0757.1997.tb00199.x.
  18. Slots J; Research, Science and Therapy Committee. Systemic antibiotics in periodontics. J Periodontol. 2004;75(11):1553–1565. doi:10.1902/jop.2004.75.11.1553.
  19. Greenstein G, Polson A. The role of local drug delivery in the management of periodontal diseases: a comprehensive review. J Periodontol. 1998;69(5):507–520. doi:10.1902/jop.1998.69.5.507.
  20. Marsh PD. Dental plaque as a microbial biofilm. Caries Res. 2004;38(3):204–211. doi:10.1159/000077756.
  21. Franklin MJ, Chang C, Akiyama T, Bothner B. New Technologies for Studying Biofilms. Microbiol Spectr. 2015;3(4):10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0016-2014. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0016-2014.
  22. Marsh PD. Dental plaque: biological significance of a biofilm and community life-style. J Clin Periodontol. 2005;32 Suppl 6:7–15. doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2005.00790.x.
  23. Marsh PD, Bradshaw DJ. Physiological approaches to the control of oral biofilms. Adv Dent Res. 1997;11(1):176–185. doi:10.1177/08959374970110010901.
  24. Wilson M, Gibson M, Strahan D, Harvey W. A preliminary evaluation of the use of a redox agent in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. J Periodontal Res. 1992;27(5):522–527. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0765.1992.tb01826.x
  25. Marsh PD, Head DA, Devine DA. Ecological approaches to oral biofilms: control without killing. Caries Res. 2015;49 Suppl 1:46–54. doi:10.1159/000377732.
  26. Dye BA, Li X, Beltran-Aguilar ED. Selected oral health indicators in the United States, 2005-2008. NCHS Data Brief. 2012;(96):1–8.

Additional Resources

  • No Additional Resources Available
dentalcare.com chat Let's get started!