Healthcare-associated Exposure to Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae)

S. pneumoniae is transmitted from person-to-person by direct contact with respiratory secretions and saliva and by inhalation of airborne droplets generated by coughing and sneezing.20 It is uncommon for contacts to develop pneumococcal infection; hence no PEP is required. Exposed HCP should be closely monitored for sign(s) of illness.20 Early diagnosis and treatment with an antibacterial agent is the cornerstone of treating pneumococcal infections.