Identification: Emotional Abuse

Although difficult to diagnose, a child enduring emotional abuse may exhibit the following behavior and physical indicators:25,26

  • Lack of self-esteem
  • Poor social skills, often antisocial
  • Developmentally delayed
  • Passive and aggressive – behavioral extremes
  • Pronounced nervousness, often manifested in habit disorders such as sucking and rocking. May self-inflict injuries such as lip or cheek biting.