Assessment for Identifiable Causes of Hypertension

There are also many conditions or diseases that play a role in hypertension. The medical history should include questions on:

  • Medications and supplements being taken that may affect high blood pressure, such as acetaminophen, naproxen sodium, ibuprofen, antidepressants, stimulants, hormone birth control, caffeine, decongestants, herbal supplements such as ginkgo, ginseng, licorice, and St. John’s wort
  • Chronic kidney and renovascular diseases
  • Cushing’s syndrome or steroid therapy
  • Coarctation of aorta (localized narrowing of the aorta)
  • Thyroid/parathyroid disease
  • Sleep apnea