antecubital fossa – The inside crease of the elbow.
brachial artery – Main artery of the arm.
blood pressure – The force exerted by the blood on the blood vessel walls.
Cushing’s Syndrome – Abnormal bodily condition that is caused by excess corticosteroids.
coarctation – A narrowing or constricting, especially of the aorta or a blood vessel.
diastolic pressure – The lowest pressure; it is the effect of ventricular relaxation.
hypertension – Abnormally high arterial blood pressure.
Korotkoff sounds – Arterial sounds heard through a stethoscope that change with varying cuff pressure and that are used to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
mm Hg – Millimeters of mercury.
pulse pressure – The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure.
renovascular disease – A progressive condition that causes narrowing or blockage of the renal arteries or veins.
sleep apnea – Brief periods of recurrent cessation of breathing during sleep.
systolic pressure – The peak or highest pressure, it is caused by ventricular contraction.
sphygmomanometer – The blood pressure cuff or machine.
stethoscope – A listening aid that magnifies sound.