Glossary

antecubital fossa – The inside crease of the elbow.

brachial artery – Main artery of the arm.

blood pressure – The force exerted by the blood on the blood vessel walls.

Cushing’s Syndrome – Abnormal bodily condition that is caused by excess corticosteroids.

coarctation – A narrowing or constricting, especially of the aorta or a blood vessel.

diastolic pressure – The lowest pressure; it is the effect of ventricular relaxation.

hypertension – Abnormally high arterial blood pressure.

Korotkoff sounds – Arterial sounds heard through a stethoscope that change with varying cuff pressure and that are used to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

mm Hg – Millimeters of mercury.

pulse pressure – The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure.

renovascular disease – A progressive condition that causes narrowing or blockage of the renal arteries or veins.

sleep apnea – Brief periods of recurrent cessation of breathing during sleep.

systolic pressure – The peak or highest pressure, it is caused by ventricular contraction.

sphygmomanometer – The blood pressure cuff or machine.

stethoscope – A listening aid that magnifies sound.