Bone Structure of the Face

Figure 1 identifies the various bone structures of the head and face. Correctly visualizing the bone structures of the face and head aids in palpation techniques when conducting a head and neck examination on the patient.

Figure 1. Human Skull.
Bones of human skull
  • Ethmoid – Midline cranial bone.
  • Frontal – Bone that forms the forehead.
  • Lacrimal – Paired bones that form the wall of the orbit.
  • Mandible – Bone that forms the lower jaw.
  • Maxilla – Bone that forms the upper jaw.
  • Nasal – Paired bones that form the bridge of the nose.
  • Occipital – Bone that forms the posterior portion of the head.
  • Parietal – Paired bones at the top of the skull. They articulate with each other and other bones in the skull.
  • Sphenoid – Midline bone that has several processes associated with it.
  • Temporal – Paired bones that form the lateral walls of the skull and articulate with the mandible at the temporomandibular joint.
  • Zygomatic – Paired facial bones that form the cheeks.
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