Ankyloglossia, present at birth, is most commonly referred to as “tongue-tie” and occurs when the lingual frenulum is too short to allow for normal tongue movements (Figure 9). Tongue-ties can be classified as anterior or posterior. This condition can cause difficulty for the infant during latching and breastfeeding, and difficulty for children and adults during speech production, eating, and swallowing.23,24 Ankyloglossia can have other consequences, such as limiting the ability of the tongue to perform normal oral functions, i.e., clearing the oral cavity of excess debris after eating.25
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