Endocrine/Metabolic Agents and Associated Medical Diagnoses

Predicated on the 2017 top 200 drugs, endocrine/metabolic agents fall into seven major classes (Table 7).17 Based on their mechanisms of action, prevalent endocrine and metabolic problems one can expect to encounter in a dental practice include diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction, adrenal dysfunction, abnormalities of the reproductive system and contraception, osteopenia and osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis; and folic acid, vitamin B12, and iron deficiencies.

Table 7. Endocrine/Metabolic Agents Dispensed by U.S. Community Pharmacies.17
  • Antidiabetic agents
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Steroid hormones
  • Reproductive hormones
  • Antiresorptive agents
  • Drugs for rheumatoid arthritis
  • Vitamin and mineral supplements