In general, drugs that cause direct damage to DNA and/or that interfere with DNA repair are avoided in clinical practice. However, DNA damage and/or interference with DNA repair is the specific intent of cytotoxic alkylating agents used to treat neoplasia and such drugs can cause acute myelocytic leukemia.1 Tamoxifen, an estrogen receptor antagonist used to treat estrogen-sensitive breast cancer, acting as a partial agonist at estrogen receptors in the uterus can cause endometrial carcinoma.1
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