Withdrawal syndrome is a substance-specific ADR associated with cessation or rapid reduction in the amount of a substance that an individual (usually a substance-dependent person) has been taking for a prolonged period of time and/or in high doses.8 It can occur with alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, amphetamines, and heroin; and following the long-term use of therapeutic agents such as opioids and benzodiazepines. The signs and symptoms of withdrawal of a drug are opposite to the effects of the acute administration of that drug.
Your session is about to expire. Do you want to continue logged in?
WARNING! You did not finish creating your certificate. Please click CONTINUE below to return to your previous page to complete the process. Failure to complete ALL the steps will result in a loss of this test score, and you will not receive credit for this course.