Fungal processes that have been exploited in the development of antifungal agents include cell wall synthesis, plasma membrane synthesis and stability, nucleic acid synthesis, and mitosis. Primary line of treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis includes topical and oral azole and polyene antifungal agents. Antiviral agents exploit the viral life cycle. Primary line of treatment of orolabial herpetic infections includes topical and oral anti-herpesvirus nucleoside analogs.