Glossary

ADA – American Dental Association

ASA – Aspirin

allergic reactions – Condition in which the immune system reacts abnormally to a foreign substance.

Alzheimer’s disease – Progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the neurons.

antibiotic prophylaxis – The prescription of an antibiotic prior to certain types of dental procedures for the prevention of infection for individuals who have a medical history that warrants such coverage.

apraxia – Inability to perform particular motor purposive actions, as a result of brain damage.1

arthritis – Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.

asthmatic attack – Sudden worsening of breathing caused by the tightening of muscles around airways.

baby boomers – People born during the demographic post–World War II period (between the years 1946 and 1964).

CAB – Circulation, airway, breathing

cardiac arrest – Sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of heart function.

cirrhosis – Disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue.2

congestive heart failure – Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with failure of the heart to pump blood with normal efficiency.

CPR – Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.

diabetes mellitus – Chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood.

eczema – Patches of skin become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding.3

edentulous – Lacking teeth; toothless.

EMS – Emergency medical services.

etiologies – Cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.

gait – Individual’s manner of walking.

gingival recession – Exposure of the roots of the teeth caused by a loss of gum tissue.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma – Cancer of the lymphatic system.4

hypercapnia – Excessive carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, typically caused by inadequate respiration.

hypertension – Abnormally high blood pressure (Persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg).5

hypoglycemia – Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream.

INR (International Normalized Ratio) – The prothrombin time (PT) and its derived measures of prothrombin ratio (PR) and INR are measures of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation. (Normal range is between 2-3 for those on anticoagulant therapy).6

keratinization – Process in which the cytoplasm of the outermost cells of the mammalian epidermis is replaced by keratin.

O2 – Oxygen.

orthostatic hypotension – Decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or a decrease in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing when compared with blood pressure from the sitting or supine position.7

osteoporosis – Condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue.

Parkinson’s disease – Chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine, slowly spreading tremor, muscular weakness and rigidity, and a peculiar gait.

periodontium – Specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, comprised of cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

prosthesis – An artificial device that replaces a missing body part. (i.e., partial or full dentures, dental implants etc.)8

psoriasis – Skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.9

renal failure – Condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove waste and balance fluids.

stroke – Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.

syncope – Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure.

vitals – Clinical measurements, specifically pulse rate, temperature, respiration rate, and blood pressure that indicate the state of a patient’s essential body functions.

WW I & II – World War 1 and 2.

xerostomia – Condition in which the mouth is unusually dry.10

911 – In North America including Canada, the 911 system was designed to provide a universal, easy-to-remember number for people to reach police, fire or emergency medical assistance from any phone in any location, without having to look up specific phone numbers.

dentalcare.com chat Let's get started!