Taurodonts are molar teeth that present unusual tooth morphology, resembling the teeth of bulls (Figure 37).10,13,14 This may be a variation of normal tooth formation. Radiographically, taurodonts display elongated pulp chambers and short stubby roots that look like bull’s horns.7-10 Table 5 outlines three categories used to classify the severity of the deformity, originally described by Shaw in 1928: Hypotaurodontism (Mild), Mesotaurodontism (Moderate), and Hypertaurodontism (Severe).13-15 The severity is determined by the increasing apical displacement of the pulpal floor.7,13-15 Permanent molar teeth are more frequently involved than primary teeth with either unilateral or bilateral presentation.7 The prevalence is variable but approximates 3% of the U.S. population.7 Taurodontism is associated with a number of syndromes indicating possible linkage to chromosomal aberrations in tooth development.7,13,14
|Hypotaurodontism||Mild||Moderate enlargement of the pulp chamber compared to the roots|
|Mesotaurodontism||Moderate||Large pulp chamber with short separate roots|
|Hypertaurodontism||Severe||Pulp chamber nearly reaches root apices before dividing into stubby separate roots|
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