Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to:
Define metabolic abnormalities related to diabetes.
Differentiate between the pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Distinguish between DKA and HHS.
Determine the appropriate protocol to prevent a medical emergency during dental treatment for a patient with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Analyze the dental management suggestions related to patients with uncontrolled diabetes.
List five questions that might be appropriate to help determine a patient’s glycemic control or disease management.
Explain why blood glucose levels should be less than 200 mg/dl before invasive dental treatment.
Describe several strategies for stabilizing blood glucose levels for dental patients.
Define normoglycemia in a way that a patient will understand.
State the three psychological factors that have been identified with successful patient education outcomes.
Name the two most important risk factors that are associated with increased susceptibility to periodontal disease.
Discuss the potential of a bidirectional relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease.
Identify the various environmental factors that impact periodontal disease associated with diabetes.
Examine the prevalence of systemic and periodontal disease(s) in the Pima Indian population group based on longitudinal study data.
Contrast the inevitability of risk factors for periodontal disease in type 2 diabetes with strategies to prevent periodontal disease.
Describe two common oral health complications of diabetes besides periodontal disease.
Debate the presence of oral candidiasis with different levels of glycemic control.
Provide recommendations to a patient with diabetes following a dental procedure that may impact their ability to eat.
Examine the role of parotid glands in diabetes-associated xerostomia.
Describe specific guidelines that dental professionals can recommend to patients following dental procedures that affect blood glucose control and/or eating ability.
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