Pre-diabetes, also referred to as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), is an impaired glucose state located between nondiabetes and diabetes. Table 1 indicates the specific values obtained from plasma glucose testing for diagnosis. A diagnosis of pre-diabetes should not be ignored by the patient since it is strongly associated with an increased risk of diabetes and with the resulting macrovascular and microvascular complications.
Diabetes Diagnosis - confirmed on a subsequent day
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
|Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS)|
There are categories of increased risk for diabetes and pre-diabetes and the following recommendations have been suggested: