Pre-diabetes, also referred to as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), is an glucose state located between nondiabetes and diabetes. Table 1 indicates the specific values obtained from plasma glucose testing for diagnosis. A diagnosis of pre-diabetes should not be ignored by the patient since it is strongly associated with an increased risk of diabetes and with the resulting macrovascular and microvascular complications.
Diabetes Diagnosis - confirmed on a subsequent day
Level 1 – Alert Value
Level 2 – Clinically Significant
Level 3 – Severe
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS)
There are categories of increased risk for diabetes and pre-diabetes and the following recommendations have been suggested:
In children and adolescents who are overweight or obese and who have additional risk factors for diabetes, testing for pre-diabetes is recommended.6
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