References

  1. Hales CM, Carroll MD, Fryar CD, et al. Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015-2016. NCHS Data Brief. 2017 Oct;(288):1-8.
  2. Kaufman FR. Diabesity : a doctor and her patients on the front lines of the obesity-diabetes epidemic, 2nd ed. New York, NY. Bantam Books. 2006.
  3. NIH. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General (Executive Summary). US Department of Health and Human Services. Jul 2000. Accessed November 27, 2018.
  4. CDC. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. US Department of Health and Human Services. 2017. Accessed November 27, 2018.
  5. Glick M. Exploring our role as health care providers: the oral-medical connection. J Am Dent Assoc. 2005 Jun;136(6):716, 718, 720.
  6. Introduction: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2018. Diabetes Care. 2018 Jan;41(Suppl 1):S1-S2. doi: 10.2337/dc18-Sint01.
  7. Matthews DR. The natural history of diabetes-related complications: the UKPDS experience. United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study. Diabetes Obes Metab. 1999 Sep;1 Suppl 2:S7-13.
  8. National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators. 2018. Accessed November 27, 2018.
  9. Kneckt M. Psychological features characterizing oral health behavior, diabetes self-care and health status among IDDM patients. University of Oulu. Academic Dissertation. 2000 May:1-70.
  10. Lin EH, Katon W, Rutter C, et al. Effects of enhanced depression treatment on diabetes self-care. Ann Fam Med. 2006 Jan-Feb;4(1):46-53. doi: 10.1370/afm.423.
  11. Nunn ME. Understanding the etiology of periodontitis: an overview of periodontal risk factors. Periodontol 2000. 2003;32:11-23.
  12. Taylor GW, Borgnakke WS. Periodontal disease: associations with diabetes, glycemic control and complications. Oral Dis. 2008 Apr;14(3):191-203. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2008.01442.x.
  13. Kinane DF, Peterson M, Stathopoulou PG. Environmental and other modifying factors of the periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 2006;40:107-19. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0757.2005.00136.x.
  14. Soskolne WA, Klinger A. The relationship between periodontal diseases and diabetes: an overview. Ann Periodontol. 2001 Dec;6(1):91-8. doi: 10.1902/annals.2001.6.1.91.
  15. He H, Liu R, Desta T, et al. Diabetes causes decreased osteoclastogenesis, reduced bone formation, and enhanced apoptosis of osteoblastic cells in bacteria stimulated bone loss. Endocrinology. 2004 Jan;145(1):447-52. Epub 2003 Oct 2. doi: 10.1210/en.2003-1239.
  16. Taylor GW. Bidirectional interrelationships between diabetes and periodontal diseases: an epidemiologic perspective. Ann Periodontol. 2001 Dec;6(1):99-112. doi: 10.1902/annals.2001.6.1.99.
  17. Engebretson SP, Hyman LG, Michalowicz BS, et al. The effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on hemoglobin A1c levels in persons with type 2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2013 Dec 18;310(23):2523-32. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.282431.
  18. Corbella S, Francetti L, Taschieri S, et al. Effect of periodontal treatment on glycemic control of patients with diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Diabetes Investig. 2013 Sep 13;4(5):502-9. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12088. Epub 2013 Apr 18.
  19. Bridges RB, Anderson JW, Saxe SR, et al. Periodontal status of diabetic and non-diabetic men: effects of smoking, glycemic control, and socioeconomic factors. J Periodontol. 1996 Nov;67(11):1185-92. doi: 10.1902/jop.1996.67.11.1185.
  20. Saremi A, Nelson RG, Tulloch-Reid M, et al. Periodontal disease and mortality in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005 Jan;28(1):27-32.
  21. Jansson H, Lindholm E, Lindh C, et al. Type 2 diabetes and risk for periodontal disease: a role for dental health awareness. J Clin Periodontol. 2006 Jun;33(6):408-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.00929.x.
  22. Kantarci A, Hasturk H, Van Dyke TE. Host-mediated resolution of inflammation in periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 2006;40:144-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0757.2005.00145.x.
  23. Nabhan F, Emanuele MA, Emanuele N. Latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood. Unique features that distinguish it from types 1 and 2. Postgrad Med. 2005 Mar;117(3):7-12.
  24. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and oral soft tissue pathologies: II. Prevalence and characteristics of Candida and Candidal lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000 May;89(5):570-6.
  25. Bartholomew GA, Rodu B, Bell DS. Oral candidiasis in patients with diabetes mellitus: a thorough analysis. Diabetes Care. 1987 Sep-Oct;10(5):607-12.
  26. Belazi M, Velegraki A, Fleva A, et al. Candidal overgrowth in diabetic patients: potential predisposing factors. Mycoses. 2005 May;48(3):192-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2005.01124.x.
  27. Kao CH, Tsai SC, Sun SS. Scintigraphic evidence of poor salivary function in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2001 May;24(5):952-3.
  28. Quirino MR, Birman EG, Paula CR. Oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus in controlled and uncontrolled patients. Braz Dent J. 1995;6(2):131-6.
  29. Zunt S. Re-establishing a normal salivary flow. Dimensions of Dent Hyg. May 2006;4(5): 30-2. Accessed November 27, 2018.
  30. Glurich I, Bartkowiak B, Berg RL, et al. Screening for dysglycaemia in dental primary care practice settings: systematic review of the evidence. Int Dent J. 2018 Dec;68(6):369-377. doi: 10.1111/idj.12405. Epub 2018 May 8.
  31. Herman WH, Taylor GW, Jacobson JJ, et al. Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in dental offices. J Public Health Dent. 2015 Summer;75(3):175-82. doi: 10.1111/jphd.12082. Epub 2015 Feb 6.
  32. Swardfager W, Yang P, Herrmann N, et al. Depressive symptoms predict non-completion of a structured exercise intervention for people with Type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2016 Apr;33(4):529-36. doi: 10.1111/dme.12872. Epub 2015 Aug 25.
  33. Darwish L, Beroncal E, Sison MV, et al. Depression in people with type 2 diabetes: current perspectives. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2018 Jul 10;11:333-343. doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S106797. eCollection 2018.
  34. Pihlstrom BL, Buse JB. Diabetes and periodontal therapy. J Am Dent Assoc. 2014 Dec;145(12):1208-10. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.112.
  35. Simpson TC, Weldon JC, Worthington HV, et al. Treatment of periodontal disease for glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Nov 6;(11):CD004714. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004714.pub3.
  36. Chapple IL, Genco R; working group 2 of the joint EFP/AAP workshop. Diabetes and periodontal diseases: consensus report of the Joint EFP/AAP Workshop on Periodontitis and Systemic Diseases. J Periodontol. 2013 Apr;84(4 Suppl):S106-12. doi: 10.1902/jop.2013.1340011.
  37. Poudel P, Griffiths R, Wong VW, et al. Knowledge and practices of diabetes care providers in oral health care and their potential role in oral health promotion: A scoping review. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017 Aug;130:266-277. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.06.004. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
  38. Poudel P, Griffiths R, Wong VW, et al. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and care practices of people with diabetes: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2018 May 2;18(1):577. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5485-7.
  39. Murakami S, Mealey BL, Mariotti A, et al. Dental plaque-induced gingival conditions. J Periodontol. 2018 Jun;89 Suppl 1:S17-S27. doi: 10.1002/JPER.17-0095.

Additional Resources

  • No Additional Resources Available