There are several fungi species associated with gingival conditions. The most common of these is Candida albicans.
Generalized Gingival Candidosis
Candida has been isolated from the gingiva of healthy patients with periodontitis and is more recently associated with patients with immunosuppression such as HIV. The gingival tissue and oral mucosa is erythematous with a removable white coating and appears fragile (Figure A).
Linear Gingival Erythema
This was formerly called HIV-related gingivitis and presents as a red line at the gingival margin (Figure B).
This is a granulomatous disease caused by Histoplasma Capsulatum. It is a frequent mycoses in the United States. Oral findings include painful granulomatous lesions (Figure C).
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