Classification of Gingival Diseases
Gingival Diseases of Fungal Origin

Gingival Diseases of Fungal Origin

There are several fungi species associated with gingival conditions. The most common of these is Candida albicans.

Generalized Gingival Candidosis

Candida has been isolated from the gingiva of healthy patients with periodontitis and is more recently associated with patients with immunosuppression such as HIV. The gingival tissue and oral mucosa is erythematous with a removable white coating and appears fragile (Figure A).

Linear Gingival Erythema

This was formerly called HIV-related gingivitis and presents as a red line at the gingival margin (Figure B).

Histoplasmosis

This is a granulomatous disease caused by Histoplasma Capsulatum. It is a frequent mycoses in the United States. Oral findings include painful granulomatous lesions (Figure C).

Figure A.
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Candidosis
Figure B.
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Linear gingival erythema
Figure C.
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Histoplasmosis