Gingival Clinical Markers
Acute Gingivitis

Acute Gingivitis

Color – The color of the gingiva may vary depending on vascular supply, thickness and degree of keratinization of the epithelium, degree of gingival health, and the presence of melanin pigmentation. The color may also vary depending on the location of the epithelium: attached, unattached gingiva, or alveolar mucosa.

Acute Gingivitis – The following descriptors are characteristics of acute gingivitis:

  • Severe inflammation of the gingival margin
  • Rolled and bulbous interproximal papillae
  • Erythema does not involve entire band of keratinized gingiva
  • Very heavy bleeding with probing

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You have correctly identified acute gingivitis by the red, inflamed gingival margin and bulbous interproximal papillae.