References / Additional Resources
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Use of local anesthesia for pediatric dental patients. The Reference Manual of Pediatric Dentistry. Chicago, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry; 2021:332-7.
https://www.aapd.org/globalassets/media/policies_guidelines/bp_localanesthesia.pdfU.S. Food and Drug Administration. Risk of serious and potentially fatal blood disorder prompts FDA action on oral over-the-counter benzocaine products used for teething and mouth pain and prescription local anesthetics. May 31, 2018.Accessed 25 September 2021.
Coté CJ, Wilson S. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, American Academy of Pediatrics. Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures. Pediatr Dent 2019;41(4):E26-E52.
Hersh EV, Lindemeyer R, Berg JH, et al. Phase Four, Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Trial of Phentolamine Mesylate in Two- to Five-year-old Dental Patients. Pediatr Dent. 2017 Jan 15;39(1):39-45.
The author would to thank the Residents and staff members of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University for their assistance in preparation of this presentation. Injection techniques were simulated, and no patients or clinicians were harmed or traumatized.