Actinic Cheilosis: Etiology, Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Course Number: 400
References / Additional Resources
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National Cancer Institute. Cancer Stat Facts: Lip Cancer. Accessed January 24, 2022.
de Oliveira Miranda AM, de Miranda Ferrari T, Campos Leite T, et al. Actinic Cheilitis: Clinical Characteristics Observed in 75 Patients and a Summary of the Literature of This Often Neglected Premalignant Disorder. Int J Clin. 2014 Dec;21(5):1337-1344. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.521171. Accessed January 24, 2022.
Yantsos VA, Conrad N, Zabawski E, et al. Incipient intraepidermal cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma: a proposal for reclassifying and grading solar (actinic) keratoses. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 1999 Mar;18(1):3-14.
Rodolico V, Barresi E, Di Lorenzo R, et al. Lymph node metastasis in lower lip squamous cell carcinoma in relation to tumour size, histologic variables and p27Kip1 protein expression. Oral Oncol. 2004 Jan;40(1):92-8.
de Visscher JG, van den Elsaker K, Grond AJ, et al. Surgical treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip: evaluation of long-term results and prognostic factors—a retrospective analysis of 184 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1998 Jul;56(7):814-20.
American Cancer Society. Skin Cancer Prevention and Early Detection. How do I protect myself from UV rays? Accessed January 24, 2022.
Moyal DD, Fourtanier AM. Broad-spectrum sunscreens provide better protection from solar ultraviolet-simulated radiation and natural sunlight-induced immunosuppression in human beings. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 May;58(5 Suppl 2):S149-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2007.04.035.
The Skin Cancer Foundation. The Skin Cancer Foundation's Guide to Sunscreens. Accessed January 24, 2022.
Brady K. 15 Best Lip Balms with SPF in 2021, According to Dermatologists. Prevention. May 18, 2021. Accessed January 24, 2022.
Bota JP, Lyons AB, Carroll BT. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip-A Review of Squamous Cell Carcinogenesis of the Mucosal and Cutaneous Junction. Dermatol Surg. 2017 Apr;43(4):494-506. doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000001020.
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