References

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  2. FDA Drug Safety Communication: Reports of a rare, but serious and potentially fatal adverse effect with the use of over-the-counter (OTC) benzocaine gels and liquids applied to the gums and mouth. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. April 7, 2011. Accessed September 5, 2018.
  3. Malamed SF. Handbook of Local Anesthesia, 6th Ed. St. Louis. Elsevier, 2013, pp. 2-24
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  8. Malamed SF. Handbook of Local Anesthesia, 6th Ed. St. Louis. Elsevier, 2013, pp. 78-121
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Additional Resources

Acknowledgements

The author would to thank Dr. Ayman Metwally and Miss Jordan Marino for their assistance in the preparation of this presentation. Injection techniques were simulated and no patients or clinicians were harmed or traumatized.

Dr. Metwally