The removal of a foreign material, such as calculus or plaque, or removal of necrotic (dead) tissue from or adjacent to a lesion.
Very commonly this term is used for a goal in nonsurgical periodontal instrumentation.
Tooth decay, which is actually an infection that causes continuing destruction of tooth structure.
A dental cavity.
Caries is both singular and plural; one caries or two caries.
The teeth in the dental arches – top and bottom.
Open contact between teeth.
Typically occurs between the upper front teeth, the maxillary central incisors.
Away from the middle; often used to describe the side of a particular tooth that is closest to the posterior or back of the mouth.
Usually refers to dental caries or a restoration located at the distal and extending onto the occlusal or chewing surface.
Can be area specific or the whole mouth.
The hard, outer surface layer of teeth.
Protects against tooth decay.
Tooth enamel is considered the hardest mineral substance in your body, even stronger than bone.
A slender, flexible instrument with a sharp point used to examine teeth for abnormalities and pathology, and to locate calculus through the use of touch.
Excellent tactile sensitivity must be developed to use an explorer well.
The removal of a tooth or root fragment.
A fluid of epithelial cells, bacteria, serum, and other products of the inflammatory process.
A polite word for pus.
Of or toward the face, used to designate the side of the tooth that is facing away from the tongue side.
The buccal and labial are both facial surfaces.
A narrow fold of tissue connecting moveable tissue to a more fixed tissue to prevent undue movement.
Singular form is frenum or frenulum. Plural is frena.
The concave area between the roots of a multi-rooted tooth.
It is called “bifurcation” if a tooth has two roots.
It is called “trifurcation” if a tooth has three roots.
That part of the oral masticatory mucosa that surrounds the necks of the teeth and is attached to the teeth and the alveolar bone.
You probably know it better as the gum!
Adverse factors caused by a health care practitioner that result in a negative outcome for the patient.
Toward the cutting edge of anterior teeth.
The 2 large front teeth (central incisors) and the tooth on either side (lateral incisors).
There are 8 incisors, 4 maxillary and 4 mandibular.
Below or lower than a specified point of reference.
Gingiva (gum tissue) that fills the space between two adjacent teeth (the space is called interproximal).
Papilla is usually pointed or pyramidal in anterior teeth and somewhat flatter between posterior teeth. If teeth overlap papilla, it may be tapered and narrow; if teeth do not touch, the papilla may be flat or saddle-shaped.
There are actually 2 papillae in teeth that contact, one facial and one lingual, which are connected by the col.
Junctional Epithelium (JE)
Attachment epithelium, where the tooth and gingiva actually first begin to be attached.
Found at the very bottom of the gingival sulcus or periodontal pocket.
Think of it like the place in the bottom of your pants pocket where you’d find loose change …or lint!
Of or toward the lips, used most often to designate the side of the tooth facing the lips4, so the term would refer to an anterior tooth.
Toward the side.
Of or toward the tongue, to identify the surface of a tooth that faces the tongue.