Evaluating and Establishing Ideal Smile Esthetics : Beauty is More than Skin Deep
Course Number: 649
References / Additional Resources
American Academy of Orthodontists Press Releases. November 11, 2014, “A Good Smile Can Lead to Improved Love, Social and Professional Success, According to the American Association of Orthodontists”Accessed February 2, 2022.
Zawawi KH, Malki GA, Al-Zahrani MS, Alkhiary YM. Effect of lip position and gingival display on smile and esthetics as perceived by college students with different educational backgrounds. Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2013; 5:77-80.
Afroz S, Rathi S, Rajput G, Rahman SA. Dental esthetics and its impact on psycho-social well-being and dental self-confidence: a campus-based survey of north Indian university students. J Indian Prosthodont Soc. 2013;13(4):455‐460.
Silva BP, Jiménez-Castellanos E, Finkel S, Macias IR, Chu SJ. Layperson's preference regarding orientation of the transverse occlusal plane and commissure line from the frontal perspective. J Prosthet Dent. 2017; 117(4): 513-516.
Tarnow DP, Magner AW, Fletcher P. The effect of the distance from the contact point to the crest of bone on the presence or absence of the interproximal dental papilla. J Periodontol. 1992;63(12):995‐996.
Foo P, Sampson W, Roberts R, Jamieson L, David D. Facial aesthetics and perceived need for further treatment among adults with repaired cleft as assessed by cleft team professionals and laypersons. Eur J Orthod 2013; 35(3): 341–346.
Ioi H, Kang S, Shimomura T, Kim SS, Park SB, Son WS, et al. Effects of vertical positions of anterior teeth on smile esthetics in Japanese and Korean orthodontists and orthodontic patients. J Esthet Restor Dent 2013; 25(4): 274–282.
Tüzgiray YB, Kaya B. Factors affecting smile esthetics. Turk J Orthod 2013; 26(1): 58–64.Accessed February 21, 2022
Patnaik VVG, Singla R, Bala S. Anatomy of ‘A beautiful face and smile’ J Anat Soc India 2003; 52: 74–80.Accessed February 21, 2022
Penton-Voak IS, Jones BC, Little AC, Baker S, Tiddeman B, Burt DM, Perrett DI. Symmetry, sexual dimorphism in facial proportions, and male facial attractiveness. Proc R Soc Lond 2001; B268: 1617–1623.
No Additional Resources Available