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Dental Care for Infants

Course Number: 387

Caries Risk Assessment

Caries risk assessment determines the likelihood of developing carious lesions, or the likelihood that there will be a change in current carious lesions (size or activity).3 If risk factors are eliminated before the diseases occur, the disease process can be prevented.

Risk factors that can be evaluated include:

  • Presence of caries

  • Presence of plaque

  • Gingival condition

  • Caries history

  • Fluoride exposure

  • Carbohydrate exposure – frequency, amount

  • Socioeconomic status

  • Dental care exposure

  • Caregiver dental literacy

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) developed a caries risk assessment form for children age 0-5 years that evaluates three areas and includes.4

  1. Contributing Conditions

  2. General Health Conditions

  3. Clinical Conditions

These subjects are further categorized as High, Moderate or Low Risk.

Image: Caries Risk Assessment Form (Ages 0-6).

Figure 1. Caries Risk Assessment Form (Ages 0-5 years and ≥6 years).