Other Issues Affecting Infants
Teething– Can cause systemic distress
Can cause daytime restlessness, increased finger sucking, rubbing of gums, increase in drooling, sometimes a loss of appetite, very slight rise in temperature.
Maintain/increase fluid consumption, analgesics, palliative care, teething rings.
Avoid topical meds (Ambesol).
Arise from psychological needs and physiologic need for nutrition.
Non-nutritive oral habits (e.g., digit and pacifier habits, bruxism, abnormal tongue thrusts) may apply forces to teeth and dentoalveolar structures that result in malocclusionand facial developmental changes.
Early dental visits provide an opportunity to encourage parents to help their children stop habits by age three years or younger, before malocclusion or skeletal dysplasiaoccurs.
It is important to discuss the need to wean from the habits before malocclusion or skeletal dysplasia occurs. For school-aged children, counseling regarding habits is appropriate. It occurs in 70-90% of children.
Digit habits are harder to break than pacifier habits. Both conventional pacifiers and orthodontic pacifiers have the same effect on orofacial structures.
Habits of sufficient frequency, intensity, and duration can contribute to:
Reduced overbite, increased overjet.
Protrusion of maxillary incisors.
Anterior open bite.
Narrowing of the maxillary arch width, widening of mandibular arch.
An age-appropriate injury prevention counseling for parents/caregivers should be put in place for potential orofacial trauma accidents.
Discussions with parents would include play objects, pacifiers, car seats, and chewing of electric cords. Little ones love to put things into their mouths.