ADA – American Dental Association
ASA – Aspirin
allergic reactions – Condition in which the immune system reacts abnormally to a foreign substance.
Alzheimer’s disease – Progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the neurons.
antibiotic prophylaxis – The prescription of an antibiotic prior to certain types of dental procedures for the prevention of infection for individuals who have a medical history that warrants such coverage.
apraxia – Inability to perform particular motor purposive actions, as a result of brain damage.1
arthritis – Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.
asthmatic attack – Sudden worsening of breathing caused by the tightening of muscles around airways.
baby boomers – People born during the demographic post–World War II period (between the years 1946 and 1964).
CAB – Circulation, airway, breathing
cardiac arrest – Sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of heart function.
cirrhosis – Disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue.2
congestive heart failure – Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with failure of the heart to pump blood with normal efficiency.
CPR – Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
diabetes mellitus – Chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood.
eczema – Patches of skin become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding.3
edentulous – Lacking teeth; toothless.
EMS – Emergency medical services.
etiologies – Cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.
gait – Individual’s manner of walking.
gingival recession – Exposure of the roots of the teeth caused by a loss of gum tissue.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma – Cancer of the lymphatic system.4
hypercapnia – Excessive carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, typically caused by inadequate respiration.
hypertension – Abnormally high blood pressure (Persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg).5
hypoglycemia – Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream.
INR (International Normalized Ratio) – The prothrombin time (PT) and its derived measures of prothrombin ratio (PR) and INR are measures of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation. (Normal range is between 2-3 for those on anticoagulant therapy). 6
keratinization – Process in which the cytoplasm of the outermost cells of the mammalian epidermis is replaced by keratin.
O2 – Oxygen.
orthostatic hypotension – Decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or a decrease in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing when compared with blood pressure from the sitting or supine position.7
osteoporosis – Condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue.
Parkinson’s disease – Chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine, slowly spreading tremor, muscular weakness and rigidity, and a peculiar gait.
periodontium – Specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, comprised of cementum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.
prosthesis – An artificial device that replaces a missing body part. (i.e., partial or full dentures, dental implants etc.)8
psoriasis – Skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.9
renal failure – Condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove waste and balance fluids.
stroke – Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.
syncope – Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure.
vitals – Clinical measurements, specifically pulse rate, temperature, respiration rate, and blood pressure that indicate the state of a patient’s essential body functions.
WW I & II – World War 1 and 2.
xerostomia – Condition in which the mouth is unusually dry.10
911 – In North America including Canada, the 911 system was designed to provide a universal, easy-to-remember number for people to reach police, fire or emergency medical assistance from any phone in any location, without having to look up specific phone numbers.